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Grosseto Brindisi      

Technical rules for  "T.In.Basket " tournament
Integrated sport is by definition an Educational sport game; through sport activities, it aims at creating a culture of integration, acceptance and enhancement of diversity among people with and without disability.
T.In.Basket stands for Totally Integrated Basketball which is a new sport discipline that joins wheelchair basketball and basketball played by able-bodies athletes, but it has specific and innovative characteristics.
The game is conceived in order to allow the joint play of male, female or mixed team with able-bodied players and/or players with a mild disability that can run, as well as with wheelchair-users.
In T.In.Basket, the game proposal of traditional wheelchair basket and that of basket for able-bodied athletes are integrated to create a new sport activity which enhances the specific skills of each participant and in which playing modalities enhance the contribution of each team member; in T.IN.Basket the success depends on all players. These adjustments, that enhance the responsibility of every player during the game, successfully overcome the natural tendency to charitable and helpful attitudes, which sometimes characterize the proposals of physical activities for people with a disability.

• Use the standard size basketball court with two regulation baskets and marked regulation lines (grey lines);
• Mark a parallel line upright each backboard; the new line must be  1.20 meter off the end line and as long as the restricted area (red lines);
• Use the standard size volleyball court with marked regulation lines (blue lines);
• Unify the four points of intersection of lines marked with the side lines of the restricted area with the four edges of the volleyball court (blue lines), usually already marked. Four diagonals (green lines) will result;
• Identify the playing section reserved for the running athletes (yellow area) and the section reserved for athletes in wheelchair (white area).

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• Four periods of 8 minutes each;
• Time is stopped every time the referee whistles;
• Time is not stopped when baskets are scored except during the last two minutes;
• If the score is tied at the end of the playing time of the fourth period, the game is continued with as many supplementary 3-minute periods as necessary to break the tie.

• Regulation basketball is used;
• Under agreement regarding a specific game, a ball for mini-basketball can be used;
• At the beginning of the period the referee must make sure there is the ball.

• Two referees are foreseen, one specialized in basket and one specialized in wheelchair basket;
• All fouls are sanctioned by the referee;

• Up to 10 players in each team;
• Five players are displayed on the playing court at one time;
• At least two wheelchairs users and two able-bodied runners or runners with a mild physical disability that allow them to run;
• If due to fouls or injuries the number of players decreases, it shall not become less than 4: if players of a team are reduced to fewer than 4, the game is awarded to the opponents;
• Substitutions are allowed according to roles specified in the next paragraph and can be done only when the play is stopped (=on a dead ball).

Players in wheelchair:
• They can be male and/or female athletes that play the central role;
• They play in the court area which is identified with white in the picture;
• Under no circumstances shall they invade the area reserved to runner players;
• They must use a sport wheelchair; this can have all devices allowed by the rules for wheelchair basket;
• The wheelchair can be manually propelled and also electric-powered for disabled players who cannot autonomously move it with the required strength;
• As to fouls and/or technical violations, rules for wheelchair basket apply.

Runner players
• They can be male and/or female athletes whose role is that of swingman (or wing);
• They play in the court sector coloured in yellow in the picture;
• Under no circumstances shall they invade the sector reserved to players in wheelchair;
• As to fouls and/or technical violations, rules of basket apply.

• Rules of basket apply: a goal realized from a free throw counts 1 point, a goal scored by shooting within the line of m6.25 counts 2 points, a goal scored by shooting behind the lines of m6.25 counts 3 points.
• Each team, made of athletes of two categories, able-bodied and disabled athletes respectively, can score two goals in a row for each category; this rules does not apply for free throws depending of faults.

• Athletic and technical skills of runner players and players in wheelchair shall be homogeneous and balanced;
• Rough or dangerous play shall not be allowed;
• Players in wheelchair and runner players are not allowed to invade the sector of the other role to get or to gain control of the ball;
• Overcoming the limitation line of one's sector by a single wheel or foot is considered invading the other sector;
• If a player’s momentum makes him/her invade the other sector, no violation is given provided this action in no way influences the play.
• In order to achieve total participation and involvement, all athletes of a team shall be on court for at least one period;
• A runner player is not allowed to mark man-to-man or to stop/trap a player in wheelchair;
• A player in wheelchair is not allowed to stop a runner player;

• Each period starts with a tap-off at the court centre by wheelchair players.

• Directly passing the ball from one side of the yellow sector to the other, so that the ball flies over the athletes in the central white sector, is not allowed;
• The play action shall not terminate with a goal unless the ball has been touched by at least a player of each role;
• Teams guard in their court half (backcourt) only, pressing in the forward area (frontcourt) is not allowed;
• After the ball goes out of bounds, the throw-in is taken by a runner player;
• Times of staying in the restricted area, for termination of a play action and for passing over the court central line in forward play shall be agreed upon before the game start and reported on the score sheet;
• Due to particular and/or unpredictable conditions and needs, teams can agree further derogations and integrations to this set of rules before the start of the game; these derogations and integrations must have the referees' approval and be reported on the score sheet;
• In case of lack of an electric wheelchair, teams may agree that a runner Tutor is allowed in the playing court with the sole task of pushing the manual wheelchair of an athlete who lacks sufficient strength to do it by himself/herself; the tutor is not allowed to touch the ball;
• For all issues not specifically addressed in this set of rules, regulations of basket apply to runner players and regulations of wheelchair basket apply to players in wheelchair;
• This set of rules can be derogated in all its provisions, in order to meet the specific needs of participating players, provided previous agreement between parties involved; all agreements in derogation shall be reported in the score sheet and undersigned by couches and referees on the court.