Integrated football comes from a new sport discipline, the Baskin (an adaptation of basketball that allows everybody to do it) born in Cremona in 2003, in a scholastic framework and with the collaboration of parents, physical education teachers and aid teachers. It is based on a universal conception of sport that introduces, besides a notion of approachability already existing in disciplines for disabled, also a notion of inclusive process, since it is addressed to the widest human diversity. It represents the development of a sport model directed towards the integration between disabled and non–disabled people. Integrated football is the adaptation of football (or american soccer) in line with the principles of inclusion introduced by the Baskin.
The main adjustments are:
Material: 4 goals instead of 2, a smaller and/or lighter ball in some phases of the game.
Space: protected zones for side goals.
Rules: every player has a role defined by his/her motion skills and, by consequence, has a direct opponent of the same level. There are 5 roles and they are all defined by rules of athletic compatibility.
Communication: within the team there will be the role of tutor to organize the reciprocal help between athletes.
Integrated football is in an experimental phase. The rules of the game, the configuration of the team (scores for the composition of the group of athletes) are susceptible to changes, in order to improve them, respecting the general principles of accessibility and inclusion. Also the procedure for the functional assessment of players is only sketched out and still to be defined. It is necessary to underline that this aspect is essential for the principle of inclusion to succeed, because an effective and shared measuring procedure allows a fair sport competition.The first tournaments of integrated football will provide the opportunity to test the regulations of the discipline.
The technical regulation that follows is to be considered a provisional one, a step towards the construction of a final system.
Art. 1 -Technical rules of the game
Till the official release and recognition of the discipline, the set of technical rules provided by CSEN will be applied, including the derogations here included.
Art. 2 -Participation
All athletes are allowed to participate, regardless of gender and age.
Art. 3 -Team composition
For this tournament each team must deploy on the playing field a goalkeeper of role 1, a goalkeeper of role 3, a pivot player of role 2, two players of role 3 and at least two players of role 5. The presence of the player of role 4 is discretionary. The maximum number of players in the playing field is set at eight, the minimum at seven. If due to injuries a team has no players of role 3 or 5 available, and has only six players deployed on the playing field, the opponent team wins the game. The sum of the players of role 3, 4 and 5 (not including the goalkeeper of role 3) must not exceed 21.
Art. 4 -Game periods
A game is made of four periods of 10 minutes each. Each period shall be extended to make up for time wasted due to interruptions. Players have the right to a 5 minute break between game periods.The duration of the break can be changed only with the referee permission and it shall not be longer than 10 minutes.
Art. 5 -Tournament structure
The tournament of integrated football will involve five teams Opponents will be drawn by lots on the same. The first two teams in ranking order will then contend the final for the first and second place, the other ones will contend for the third, fourth and fifth position.
Art. 6 -Partecipants to the competition and identification of athletes and managers
The schedule of the players with the names of the team and the region it comes from must be filled in with the following information:
The names of a maximum of 10 athletes, of which two are reserves.
Each player will be assigned a t-shirt number as specified in art. 7.
The names of two managers (coach and escort person) who will be the only people admitted to the playing field. Each member of the team must have an ID (sport association cards are accepted they have a photo on them). The referee will take care of checking playeres' identities at the beginning of the competition.
Art. 7 -Athletes' dress code
Athletes must wear: t-shirt, shorts, socks and canvas or leather shoes (football shoes- type) but with rubber cleats on the sole. The use of shin guards, completely covered by socks, is recommended. Each player has a two–digit number: the first digit indicates the player’s role, the second one is an identification number. This number will be printed on both sides of the t-shirt (front and back) to facilitate the identification during the game. The role 1 goal keeper must wear a t-shirt of a different colour than the other players and he/she is allowed to wear long pants.
Art. 8 -Player substitution
The coach needs to inform the referee outside the field about player substitution and he/she will inform the referee in the field. All substitutions must be recorded and before the fourth period starts the referee outside must verify that: a)all reserve players have played for at least one period; b) all role 3 players have played at least one period on a lateral goal, therefore at least two periods.
Art. 9 -Time-out
Each team disposes of a one-minute time out per period.
Art. 10 –Expulsion
A footballer will be sent off from the playing field, by the referee showing him/her the red card, if, according to the referee:
the footballer is responsible of violent behaviour
the footballer has very abusive or offensive attitude
the footballer is responsible of an unfair behaviour after he/she has already been booked once.
Art. 11 -Penalty shots to determine the winner
The competitions of integrated football do not foreseeextra time. At the of a competition with a final even score, the penalty shots will determine the winner if the competition regulation requires it. The footballers will have to shoot in order from role 3 to 5.
Art. 12 -Derogation to set of rules
No age category has been set